Zanzibar, one of the Indian Ocean Islands, is situated east of Mainland Tanzania.
Zanzibar united with Tanganyika in 1964 to form what is now Tanzania.
The Zanzibar archipelago is made of two large islands, Unguja and Pemba and many other small islands.
The capital of Zanzibar is Zanzibar City in Unguja Island. Many people refer to Zanzibar City in Unguja when they talk about visiting Zanzibar (The Archipelago made of Unguja and Pemba). Often, the other island, Pemba seems to be left out of the equation when Zanzibar is being mentioned.
The Zanzibar Archipelago, together with Mafia Island, are commonly referred to as the Spice Islands. Some of Zanzibar’s main economic activities include the production of cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon and black pepper, hence the name.
The northern part of Zanzibar boasts some of the best sandy beaches in the world, perfect for ocean swimming and sunbathing.
Drive through Jozani forest to visit the Menai Bay Conservation Area, a protected area for sea turtles located on the south coast. Jozani forest is home to Zanzibar’s rare Red Colobus monkeys and a number of other primates.
The west coast of Zanzibar is covered mostly by Stone Town, the port city of Zanzibar. Trips to Chole Island Marine Park and the nearby Prison, Grave, and Snake Islands can be easily done from Stone Town as day-trips.
The east coast of Zanzibar is characterized by larger and greener beaches filled with coral reefs and sandbars. Explore the shores during low tides where you will come upon corals and pools of water with starfish, jellyfish, crabs, sea-weeds and other smaller fish.
Enjoy the abundant white sandy beaches that Zanzibar has plenty in store. The northeast coast and south coast are your best bet for a sandy experience in Zanzibar.
Beach Activities in Zanzibar include:
To capture Zanzibar’s deep history, take a trip to the Spice Island, a once important stop in the spice trade, and today’s rare producer of saffron and spices like cardamom, ginger, cloves and nutmeg
Take a walking tour of Stone Town City and relish on the few remaining building depicting Zanzibar’s deep history of Arabic and Indian influence. The inner city is so small that it can be done on a walking tour. While on the tour, a visit to the spice market is a must for a true Zanzibar experience.
Visit the historical building such as The House of Wonders and The Arab Fort, which can both be easily organized during your stay in Zanzibar
Taste Zanzibar’s local food by visiting Forodhani Gardens after sunset. Enjoy seafood or taste the famous Zanzibar pizza.
For nature and wildlife lovers, a trip to Jozani forest will be worth their while. Jozani forest features excellent nature trails and is home to the Red Colobus Monkeys which can survive nowhere else in the world but Zanzibar.
The center is a socially responsible business employing female seaweed farmers in Paje. The centre produces soaps and creams from seaweed. Visit the centre to see the women at work, and support the business by buying their products as souvenir.
While in Zanzibar, you can take a tour of the Tazani caves in Nungwi and Kuumbi caves in Jambiani.
Zanzibar is largely a Muslim community and men and women should make an effort to wear decent clothing, i.e cover their legs and arms. Avoid public display of affections as is considered inappropriate by the locals.
If you happen to be in Zanzibar during Ramadhan, the month of fasting, extra precaution should be taken. Avoid eating, drinking, or smoking in public during the fasting hours.
Drinking alcohol in public should be avoided at all times, Ramadhan or not.
Zanzibar is accessible by local flights from Mainland Tanzania. It also hosts an International Airport, Abeid Amani Karume International Airport, where international flights arrive and depart from.
Zanzibar is also accessible by ferry boats from Dar es Salaam.
The park borders the Kenyan Maasai Mara National Reserve in the north and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area to the southeast. On the southwest lies Maswa Game Reserve, to the west are the Ikorongo and Grumeti Game Reserves as well as Loliondo Game Controlled Area to the northeast, forming the greater Serengeti Ecosystem.
Books and films have been made about the park and many references made to the park in various works of art, making it one of the most famous parks in Tanzania, Africa and probably in the whole world. The park is so famous that in Germany they called their leisure park/zoo Serengeti Park.
Serengeti was established in 1951 to protect the wildlife, especially lions, that were at the time at high risk due to excessive hunting. Today, Serengeti has the highest concentration of large mammals in the world and has the largest number of lions than found anywhere in the world. The park has many species of animals but the major attraction for most visitors is the great migration.
The great migration consists of wildebeest, zebras as well as gazelles (Thompson, Impala and Grant’s). The best time to visit the park for predators and other game viewing is during the dry season June to October.
For following the migration the best time is between December and July, putting in consideration that the migration passes through different regions of the park at different months.
The park can generally be seen in three to four days, however, if you are a keen photographer you may need to give it more days to capture the best photos.
Due to its vast size, Serengeti is divided into four regions:
The Central Serengeti and the Seronera River Valley is good to visit throughout the year due to its year-round water supplies from the river valleys. The migration passes northwards through the region from mid-April to late June. This area is where most large hotels are and in turn, sees a large number of visitors.
The Western Corridor and Grumeti come alive with the great migration from May to mid-July when the migration crosses the Grumeti River and life-battling fights can be seen between the wildebeest and the Grumeti crocodiles.
The northern Serengeti (Kogatende, Lobo and Lamai) is the quietest and untouched area of the park. The great migration passes through the region from July to October, coinciding with the overall best game viewing time for the park, making this area the best place one can be to witness the Mara River crossing of the migration.
The southern Serengeti is the true vastness of the park. The plains extend from southern Seronera into the Ngorongoro conservation area. This region is best visited during the migration which crosses the area from December to March. The wildebeest calving season falls during February and thousands of wildebeest are born every day for a period of two weeks.
Within the park boundaries, major attractions include the great migration, the presence of the big five and other large mammals. The park is famously known for the "big five" made of Lion, African Leopard, African Elephant, Black Rhinoceros and the African Buffalo. Other species in the park include cheetah, Thomson's and Grant's gazelle, some species of antelopes, hyena, baboon, impala, African wild dog, and giraffe. Serengeti also hosts the highest ostrich population.
The migration sees a struggle of survival where animals such as zebras fight to keep in their groups during the migration and at the same time having to protect themselves against predators such as lions and leopards. The migration does not test the zebras only, but thousands of wildebeest also dies in the stampedes.
The Serengeti plains aren’t quite plain; there are wooded hills, termite mounds and kopjes. The termite mounds and Kopjes, while providing shelter to animals, are homes to animals that do not live well in plain lands. The lion kopje is the most famous of the kopjes and has made it to some movies such as The Lion King.
The main activity in Serengeti is daytime game driving. Walking Safaris and night drives are not permitted. Few camps in the southern Serengeti are permitted to organize walking safaris, check with us for more details on where to stay for walking safaris. Balloon safaris can also be organized in Serengeti.
The climate in the Serengeti is usually warm and dry, with two rainy seasons, March to May and the shorter rains October to November. The best time to visit the park is between June and October when animals come out from their hiding shelters in search of water. For the wildebeest migration, anywhere between December and July is great, please check with us on which camps to stay at various times of the year in order to maximize your migration viewing.
Other activities include hot air balloon safaris, walking safaris, bush picnics, visits to Maasai Rock Paintings and musical rocks. If you are staying at the southeast Serengeti you may also visit the neighbouring Ngorongoro Crater, Olduvai Gorge, Oldoinyo Lengai and Lake Natron.
The park is accessible by road and by small aircraft from Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Kilimanjaro and other neighbouring regions. For drive-in visitors, the road to Serengeti passes down the escarpments of the Ngorongoro highlands through Olduvai Gorge where remains of the Zinjanthropus’ and Homohabilis were found, which suggests that our species first evolved in this area.
The best time to go for a safari in Tanzania is during the dry season, July to October. During this period the weather conditions are conducive throughout the country; both for road access and an abundance of wildlife for viewing.
There are specific factors that may determine the best time to visit depending on one’s interests for visiting Tanzania. Those keen in watching the migration, have to follow the migration calendar to find out where the migration is at their time of visit.
Swimming with the whale sharks in Mafia island is best between October and March. Always mention if you have specific interests to allow your travel consultant to advise you on the best time to visit.
During the rainy season March to June, most parks are not accessible and many camps are closed. However if one enjoys the adventure of navigating in through road conditions, the rainy season can be a rewarding experience as there is plenty of wildlife during the period, and you get to enjoy the feeling of exclusivity as parks are less visited during the rains.
Tanzania offers a wide range of safari experiences. From novice to expert travellers, low to high budget travellers. Safaris in Tanzania can be done in as little or as many days as you wish. Most travellers tend to do a combination of a safari in Mainland Tanzania followed by a beach experience in the coast to experience both ends of the country.
As there are a lot of attractions to see in Tanzania, avid safari enthusiasts will often make more than one visit to the country and still not be able to confidently say that they have seen all the country has to offer.
A safari in Tanzania is an opportunity to see wildlife, get close to nature or simply enjoy a beach experience. For more active travellers, there are plenty of opportunities for mountain climbing in Tanzania as well as walking safaris, boating/canoeing, balloon safaris and more.
Best Time: June to October
Highlights: Close to Arusha and accessible for a day trip, very scenic, Views of Mount Kilimanjaro; excellent for birding, walking safaris, canoeing on the Momela Lakes
Wildlife Commonly Found: Buffalo, giraffe and several antelope species, black-and-white colobus monkey and a large number of bird species. Several lakes often host flocks of flamingo.
Best Time: July to October
Highlights: Night safaris, hiking and trekking, Tree-climbing lions, bird-watching, see elephants from up close, experience nature at its best.
Wildlife Commonly Found: Flamingo, elephant, wildebeest, giraffe, baboon, blue monkey, buffalo, water-buck, impala, warthog, zebra, lion, leopard.
Best Time: July to October
Highlights: Night safaris, walking safaris, concentrated wildlife during the dry season, amazing scenery
Wildlife Commonly Found: Elephant, giraffe, lion, leopard, cheetah, eland, impala, gazelle, hartebeest, buffalo and wildebeest
Best Time: June to September
Highlights: Year-round wildlife viewing, the endangered black rhino, Maasai culture, chance to see the Big 5 in one day
Wildlife Commonly Found: Black rhino, wildebeest, zebra, gazelle, elephant, topi, buffalo, cheetah, lion, spotted hyena, leopard etc
Best Time: June to July & January to February
Highlights: The Great Migration, excellent game viewing opportunities including African predators, hot air balloon safaris
Wildlife Commonly Found: Wildebeest, giraffe, gazelle, elephant, zebra, eland and the big cats
Best Time: January to February and July to October are some of the best months for climbing Mount Kilimanjaro.
Highlights: Magnificent scenery, wildlife safari coupled with trekking adventures, a chance to climb the tallest free-standing mountain on the planet
Wildlife Commonly Found: Bushbabies, buffalo and lions, elands and bushbucks
Best Time: June to October
Highlights: Walking safaris, hippo viewing, exclusive and uncrowded
Wildlife Commonly Found: Eland, sable, roan antelope, reedbuck, impala, duikers, hippo, buffalo, giraffe, zebra, elephant, lion, leopards and wild dogs.
Best Time: May to October
Highlights: Chimpanzees, walking tours, fishing and kayaking, spectacular beaches, exclusive and uncrowded,
Wildlife Commonly Found: Chimpanzee, antelope, red-tailed monkey, red colobus monkey, blue monkey, warthog, bushbuck, hippo, crocodile and leopard.
Best Time: July to October
Highlights: Jane Goodall’s research area, Chimpanzee, walking safaris, exclusive and uncrowded
Wildlife Commonly Found: Chimpanzee, vervet monkey, olive baboon, blue monkey, red colobus monkey, white-tailed monkey, bushbuck, bush pig and leopard.
Best Time: June to September & November to March. Birdwatching is from December to February.
Highlights: Chimpanzees habituation experience, walking safaris, sport fishing and boat excursions, canoeing, highest density and concentration of birds in Tanzania, a variety of reptiles such as snakes, monitor lizards and crocodiles, lowland Congolese forest and beaches as well as cultural sites.
Wildlife Commonly Found: Chimpanzee, hippo, vervet monkey, genet, mongoose black-and-white colobus, elephant and giraffe
Best Time: June to November
Highlights: One of the few destinations in Africa with wild dogs, elephant migration, boat safaris, excellent wildlife viewing during the dry season, higher chance for lion sightings
Wildlife Commonly Found: Elephant, wild dog, antelope, bushbuck, sickle-horned sable, reedbuck, waterbuck, curly-horned greater kudu, black colobus monkey, hippo and crocodile,
Best Time: June to October
Highlights: great wildlife sightings during the dry season, perfect for weekend getaways, walking safaris
Wildlife Commonly Found: Hippo, zebra, giraffe, elephant, impala, wildebeest, spotted hyena, buffalo and lion.
Best Time: June to October
Highlights: Fly camping trips, guided walks, unusual antelope species
Wildlife Commonly Found: Giraffe, greater kudu, sable antelope, lesser kudu, impala, bushbuck, buffalo, hartebeest, gazelle, waterbuck, zebra, elephant, lions, black-backed jackals, cheetahs, leopards, spotted hyenas and African wild dogs.
Best Time: June and February.
Highlights: The only park in East Africa with an Indian Ocean beachfront, Boat safari in Wami river, Bush Walks, a visit to the Mafui Sandbank, green turtle nesting in Madete Beach, Zaraninge forest. Nearby attractions, Bagamoyo historical town and Amboni caves in Tanga.
Wildlife commonly found: Waterbuck, giraffe, warthog, yellow baboon, vervet monkey, reedbuck, bushbuck, hartebeest, elephant, buffaloes. Lion and other predators are available but rarely seen. Boat trips offer amazing hippo and crocodile encounters.
Best Time: June - October, during the dry months and later between December - February after the short rains.
What to see and do: Historical and cultural tours, stone town and spice tour, swim with the dolphins, kitesurf, deep sea fishing or simply relax and enjoy Zanzibar’s famous white sandy beaches.
Best Time: July to October, January to February. For whale sharks experience, the best time is October to March.
What to see and do: Dive and snorkel in world-class sites with the richest reefs in the world. Go on boat excursions to sandbanks, swim with the whale sharks, kayak, sail and windsurf.
A safari in Tanzania can cost as little or as much as you want. The cost of safari in Tanzania varies depending on the length of your stay and level of comfort. There are plenty of budget safaris and luxury safaris. Tanzania offers accommodation options of all kinds from the low-end camping to luxurious camping and properties. Be sure to let your travel consultant know your preference so you can be quoted accordingly.
In considering the cost of a safari in Tanzania, it is important to remember that there are park fees and you may also be charged camping fees depending on where you are staying. These are fees imposed by the relevant park authorities. Activities like walking safaris, night game drives, canoeing, boat excursions, filming and photography also attract extra fees charged by authorities.
Most nationalities require a visa to enter the United Republic of Tanzania and Zanzibar. Visas can be obtained on arrival, you will need to have USDs ready for that. A single entry visa is around $50 for most nationalities, US$100 for travellers from the USA. Multiple entry visas may also be available. However, it is advised to obtain a visa in advance to avoid the long queue at the visa point on arrival.
There are certain nationalities who must obtain a referral visa in advance which can take up to 3 months as the application is processed in Dar es Salaam.
All visitors are required to have a valid passport with at least six months remaining between the date of departure from the country and the date of expiration and at least two blank pages for stamps and visas.
More Visa information here
International travellers are advised to take suitable health precautions for visiting Tanzania. It is important to have adequate vaccinations and to take prophylaxis pills against malaria. Please consult a medical professional prior to your visit.
Travellers arriving from or having transited through countries where yellow fever is endemic will be required to show a suitable certificate of vaccination in order to gain entry into the country. More info on yellow fever here
The currency in Tanzania is The Tanzanian Shilling (TZS/Tshs). Credit and Debit card (VISA/Mastercard) are widely accepted usually with a 5% surcharge on total bill. USD notes are mostly accepted. Note that US bills dated prior 2009 will not be accepted in Tanzania.
It is advised to get a local sim card upon arrival in Tanzania. You will need a valid ID to be able to register for a local sim card. If you would not like to get a local sim-card, please check with your mobile provider on the roaming charged for using your home sim in Tanzania. Data connection is poor in remote areas, however, most lodges have wi-fi connections for guests mostly available in common area. Please check with your travel consultant about wi-fi connection for the areas you are planning to visit.
Depending on where you want to start your safari, you may arrive in Tanzania through Julius Nyerere International Airport in Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro International Airport in Kilimanjaro or Abeid Amani Karume International Airport in Zanzibar.
This is your airport of choice if you are starting your safari with the southern circuit or the coast. There are connecting domestic flights on the domestic terminals that will get you to Selous, Ruaha or to the islands.
If your safari itinerary starts at the northern safari circuit, then Kilimanjaro INternational airport is your best options. Safaris to Kilimanjaro National Park, Arusha National Park, Lake Manyara and Tarangire, Ngorongoro and Serengeti can be done easily starting from Kilimanjaro International Airport.
It’s not very common knowledge, however, there is an international flight terminal in Zanzibar should you wish to start your itinerary with a visit to Zanzibar. In case your airline of choice does not stop at Zanzibar, do not worry. You can fly into Dar es Salaam’s JNIA airport and take a domestic flight to Zanzibar, the flight from Dar es Salaam to Zanzibar is only 20 minutes.